References Oil – Coal
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References Oil – Coal


Brain, M. How diesel engines work. How Stuff Works. Retrieved from:

Brain, M “How gasoline works – what Is gasoline. How Stuff Works. Retrieved from:

Improving field recovery. IFP (2008). Retrieved from:

National Clean Diesel Campaign. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved from:

Oil and gas extraction. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from:


Oil Markets

Deutch, P.J. (2005, December/November). Think again: energy independence. Foreign Policy (151), 20-24.

Economics basics: elasticity. Investopedia. Retrieved from:

Energy Information Administration. (2010, June). International Energy Outlook 2010. Retrieved from:

Freidman, T.(2005). The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Mallaby, S. (2006, July 3). What ‘Energy Security’ really means. Washington Post.

Maugeri, L. (2006, March/April). Two cheers for expensive oil. Foreign Affairs 82 (2): 149-163.

Mouawad, J. (2006, April 23). Once marginal, but now kings of the oil world. The New York Times.

Mouawad, J., Timmons, H., (2006, May 1). Commodity trading fueling price of oil. Retrieved from:

Mufson, S. (2012, June 13).Divided OPEC grapples with whether to cut production, prop up oil prices. Washington Post. Retrieved from:

Oil in troubled waters. (2005, April 28). The Economist.

Oil markets explained. BBC News, (2003, July 14). Retrieved from:

Wirth, T et al. (2003, July/August). The future of energy policy. Foreign Affairs 82 (4), 132-155


Oil Demand

Bader, J.A. (2006, February 8). The energy future: China and the U.S. What the United States ought to do. The Brookings Institution, Conference on China Energy, Retrieved from:

Chazen, G. (2012, July 12). Oil demand shifts to emerging markets. Financial Times, Retrieved from:

China’s Oil Consumption to Hit 563M Tons in 2020.” China Daily, (2008, August 4). Retrieved from:

China’s Q2 GDP growth slows to 7.6 pct. Xinhuanet. (2012, July 13). Retrieved from:

Global or National? (2005, April 28). The Economist.

Hoyos, C. (2006, February 28).  Continent all set to balance power. Financial Times.

Yergin, D. (2006, March/April). Ensuring energy security. Foreign Affairs 85 (2), 69-82.


Oil Supply I: Production

Video: (2008, March 7). “Extreme Oil Drilling.” National Geographic, Retrieved from:

Are Canadian Tar Sands the answer to our oil needs? (2007, November 26). Money Week. Retrieved from:

The Bottomless Beer Mug. (2005, April 28). The Economist.

Canada’s Tar Sands: muck and brass. (2011, January 20). The Economist. Retrieved from:

Cooper, M. (2002, February 1). Energy security. CQ Researcher 12 (4), Congressional Quarterly Press

Crude oil and commodity prices. Oil Price. (2012, July 16). Retrieved from:

Dickey, C. (2006, May/June). The Oil Shield. Foreign Policy (154),: 37-39.

Department of Energy. (2011, May). Fossil Energy: Quick Facts about the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Fossil Energy: Office of Fossil Energy Home Page. Department of Energy. Retrieved from:

Energy Information Administration. (2009). World Crude Oil Prices. Department of Energy: Energy Information Administration, Retrieved from:

Energy Information Administration. (2009). Top World Oil Net Exporters 2009.(Table). Retrieved from:

Energy Information Administration. (2010, July 7). International Energy Outlook 2010. US Department ofEnergy. Retrieved from:

Historical Crude Oil Prices (Table). (2009, January 8)., Retrieved from:

Hoyos, C. (2006, May 30). Will the Lights Go Out? Financial Times.

International Energy Outlook 2010, Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, July 27 2010,

Mallaby, S (2006, July 3). What ‘Energy Security’ Really Means. Washington Post.

Mouawad, J. (2006, April 23). Once marginal, but now kings of the oil world. The New York Times.

Oil in troubled waters. (2005, April 28). The Economist.

Pirog, R.L. (2005, June 9). World oil demand and its effect on oil prices. Congressional Research Service

Rowling, R. (2012, June 14). Venezuela passes Saudis to hold world’s biggest oil reserves. Bloomberg. Retrieved from:

Will the Oil Run Out? (2001, February 8). The Economist.

Wiggin, A. (2011, March 4). The truth behind Saudi Arabia’s ‘spare capacity. The Daily Reckoning. Retrieved from:


Oil Supply II: Producers

Bamburger, R. (2012 May 7). Energy policy: setting the stage for the current debate. Congressional Research Service.

Cartel. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Retrieved from:

Catan, T. (2006, May 30). Big oil means big profits and big troubles. Financial Times.

Energy Information Administration. (2013, July 1). US landed costs of OPEC countries crude oil. Retrieved from:

Global or National. (2005, April 28). The Economist.

Hoyos, C. (2006, May 30). Closed doors restrict growth opportunities. Financial Times.

Hoyos, C., Blass, J. (2006, May 5). Oil wrestling: how nationalist politics has muscled back into world energy. Financial Times.

Mouawad, J. (2008, February 1). Exxon Mobil profit sets record again. The New York Times.

OPEC: History. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from:

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (2009). FAQ: How does OPEC oil production affect oil prices? OPEC, Retrieved from:

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC. Retrieved from:

Painter, J. (2008, October 28). Is Venezuela’s oil boom set to bust? BBC News.

Pearson, N. (2006, April 3). Chavez tightens grip on energy resources. Associated Press.

Pirog, R.L. (2005, June 9). World Oil Demand and Its Effect on Oil Prices. Congressional Research Service

Saudi Arabia: brief history. Library of Congress Country Studies, Retrieved from:

Schifferes, Steve. Trustbusters: a history lesson. (2000, February 15). BBC News. Retrieved from:

Weiss, D.J., Leber, R. (2012, January 31). 2011 was very good to ExxonMobil. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from:.


Government Policy

An Oily Slope; Windfall Taxes, (2005, November 5). The Economist.

API. (2011, May). Motor fuel taxes: gasoline taxes. API, Retrieved from:

Bamburger, R. (2012 May 7). Energy policy: setting the stage for the current debate. Congressional Research Service



Deutsch, C. (2006, April 18). Chemical companies look to coal as an oil substitute. The New York Times.

Deutch, P. (2005, November/December). Energy independence. Foreign Policy (151): 20-24.

Energy Information Administration. (2011, May 18). How Much Coal Is Left – Energy Explained. Retrievedfrom:

Friedman, S. J., Homer-Dixon, T. (2004, November/December). Out of the energy box. Foreign Affairs 83 (6):72-83.

Garber, K. (2009, June 12). Obama Administration pouring $1 billion into Clean Coal Project. U.S. News and World Report.

Harvey, F. (2005, August 22). Science rises to the challenge of global warming. Financial Times, 22 August 2005.

Romero, S. (2006, May 28). 2 industry leaders bet on coal but split on cleaner approach. The New York Times.

Statistical Review of World Energy 2011. British Petroleum, (2011). Retrieved from:

Snyder, Jim. (2013, June 2). Obama revamps $8 billion coal program amid objections.” Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved from:

U.S. Department of Energy. (2008, December 8). Retrofitting the existing coal fleet with carbon capture technology. Fossil Energy Office of Clean Coal. Retrieved from:

World Coal Institute. (2008). Coal fact card 2008. Retrieved from:


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