The World Bank established ICSID in 1966 to encourage both investors and governments to undertake and receive foreign direct investmentThis category refers to international investment in which the investor obtains a lasting interest in an enterprise in another country. Most concretely, it may take the form of buying or constructing a factory in a foreign country or adding improvements to such a facility, in the form of property, plants or equipment. by providing a neutral dispute resolution system. The ICSID provides arbitration services, which are entered into on a voluntary basis, but once two parties agree to submit issue resolution to ICSID, they are required to follow ICSID procedures until the verdict is rendered. Furthermore, all member countries of ICSID are bound to recognize and enforce the rulings that are made.
Although it is technically a separate entity ICSID is chaired by the president of the World Bank, and the two organizations are well integrated, with their annual meetings being held in concert, and with ICSID’s operating expenses coming from the World Bank Group’s budget.