Works Cited
Works Cited


Andreas, P. (2000). Border Games: Policing the U.S.-Mexico Divide. Ithaca: Cornell UP

Arango, J. (2013). Exceptional in Europe? Spain’s Experience with Immigration and Integration. Migration Policy Institute

Cave, D. (2012, January 5). Migrants’ New Paths Reshaping Latin America. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Daniels, R. (1999). Immigration in the Gilded Age: Change or Continuity? OAH Magazine of History 13.4, 21-25.

Daniels, R. (2002). Coming to America: A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life, 2nd Edition. Princeton, NJ: HarperCollins Publishers

Espisova, N, Ray, J. (2009, November 2). 700 Million Worldwide Desire to Migrate Permanently. Gallup World. Retrieved from:

Willsher, K. (2012, April 19.) Immigration at forefront of French election campaign. The Guardian. Retrieved from:

International Organization for Migration (n.d.). Facts and Figures. Retrieved from:–figures-1.html

Laffer, D.R. (2011). The Jewish Trail of Tears: The Evian Conference of July 1938, Scholar Commons Graduate School Theses and Dissertations.

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air (n.d.). Retrieved from:,_Sea_and_Air

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (n.d.). Retrieved from:,_Suppress_and_Punish_Trafficking_in_Persons,_especially_Women_and_Children
Rischin, M. (1972). Immigration, Migration, and Minorities in California: A Reassessment. Pacific Historical Review 41.1, 71-90.

Song, S. (2013). Escape From China: One-Fifth Of Affluent Chinese Plan To Emigrate. International Business Times. Retrieved from:

The World Bank (September 2011). Migration and Remittances. Retrieved from:,,contentMDK:20648762~menuPK:34480~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

Taran, Patrick (2012, June 22). Ratifications of International Instruments on Migration/Migrant Rights. Retrieved from:

Turks in Germany start petition for right to hold dual citizenship (2012, March 2). Today’s Zaman. Retrieved from:

Turks in Germany (2006, September 7). The Journal of Turkish Weekly.  Retrieved from:

United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report 2009. Retrieved from:

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2011, April1). States Parties to the
1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. Retrieved from:

We like to move it move it: The impact of Chinese migration (2012, February 25). The Economist. Retrieved from:

Welcome Home (2012, February 25). The Economist. Retrieved from:
Why Migration Happens

1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

50 Million Environmental Refugees By 2020, Experts Predict (2011,February 22). The Huffington Post. Retrieved from:

Abedine, S., Sterling, J. & Smith-Spark, L. (2013, May 17).  U.N.: More than 1.5 million fled Syria, 4 million more displaced within nation. CNN. Retrieved from:

Alarkon, R. (2007.). The free circulation of skilled migrants in North America. A. Pekoud, P.F. Guchteneire (Eds.) In Migration Without Borders: Essays on Free Movement of People. (249). New York: Berghan Books. Retrieved from:

Brown rejects cap on immigration (2008, April 1). BBC News. Retrieved from:

Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees (n.d.). Retrieved from:

Cortes, K.E. (March 2004) “Are Refugees Different from Economic Immigrants? Some Empirical Evidence on the Heterogeneity of Immigrant Groups in the U.S..” IZA Discussion Paper No. 1063 . Retrieved from:

Crosette, B. (1991, December 2). Asylum Policy for Haitian Refugees Stirs Debate on Fairness by the U.S. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Geddes, J. (2012, February 21). Canada’s foreign worker boom. MacLeans. Retrieved from:

Global Estimates Report 2012: Highlights. (n.d.) Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. Retrieved from:$file/Highlights%20Global%20Estimates%20Report%202012.pdf

Hanson, G. H. (2003). What has happened to wages in Mexico since NAFTA? Implications for hemispheric free trade. National Bureau of Economic Research

McElroy, D. (2011, December 1). Syria now in state of civil war says United Nations as death toll passes 4000 mark. The Telegraph. Retrieved from:

Myers, N. (2008, June 4). Kiribati plans future migration. TVNZ. Retrieved from:

Leiken, R. (2001, September 1).. Border Colleagues; On Migration, Bush and Fox Belong on the Same Side., Washington Post.

Bedford, R. (2009, March 19). International migration in Kiribati and Tuvalu: A context for evaluating the impact of global warming on population movement in atoll territories in territories. Motu Public Policy Seminar Series. Retrieved from:

International Labour Office of the Director-General (2008, September 18). Statement 2008. Retrieved from:
Index Mundi (2012, July 26.). India’s Unemployment Rate. Retrieved from:

India Whining: Poll-bound UPA government creates record unemployment (2013, June 21). The Economic Times. Retrieved from:

Rejoice, damn you (2009, March 26). The Economist. Retrieved from:

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2011 (2011). Retrieved from:

Wilson, G. (2007, February 27). Brown: Immigrants must earn citizenship. The Telegraph. Retrieved from:

Zelman, J. (2011, February 2). 50 Million Environmental Refugees By 2020, Experts Predict. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from:
Effects of Migration

Bartlett, A. (2010, February 7). Violence towards Indians remains a big problem for Australia. Asian Correspondent. Retrieved from:

Center for Immigrant Studies. (2012, August). Immigrants in the U.S., 2010. Steven A. Camarota. Retrieved from:

Collapse and Convalescence: The Great Recession and Mexican Migration Flows. (2012, October). Migration Monitor. Retrieved from:

Crisis reversing migration between Europe and South America (2012, October 11). The Portugal News Online. Retrieved from:

Davies, A. (2011, April 29). The Impact of Immigration on Jobs and Income. Retrieved from:

Dilip, R. (2011, December 6). Worldwide Remittance Flows updated to $483 billion for 2011. People Move. Retrieved from:

Dogbey, B (2012, September 5). Hello, Goodbye: Researching the Migration Perspectives of Kenyan Health Workers. Africa Portal. Retrieved from:

Fix, M., Papademetriou, D.G., Batalova, J., Terrazas, A., Lin, S.Y., & Mittelstadt, M. (2009 September). Migration and the Global Recession. Migration Policy Institute.

Hanson, G. (Winter 2012). Immigration and Economic Growth. Cato Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1. Retrieved from:

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Working Paper (2006). The Macroeconomics of Remittances: The Case of Tajikistan. Alexei Kireyev. Retrieved from:

Luesby, J. (2013, June 6). The Cry of our Young Doctors: People are dying in front of us. Standard Digital. Retrieved from:

Migration and Remittances. (n.d.). The World Bank. Retrieved from:,,contentMDK:20648762~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

Migration and the Financial Crisis: How will the Economic Downturn Affect Migrants? (February 2009) Migration, Globalisation and Poverty. No. 17. Retrieved from:

Shiner, C. (2008, April 9). Africa: Continent Wrestles For Creative Health Solutions. Retrieved from:

Synovitz, R. (2008, December 18). Global Financial Crisis Costs Many Migrant Workers Their Jobs. Radio Free Europe.

Traynor, I. (2010, September 24). Sweden joins Europe-wide backlash against immigration. The Guardian. Retrieved from:

UNFPA State of the World: 2008. Retrieved from:

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2011). Impact of Remittances on Poverty in Developing Countries. Retrieved from:  

World Health Organization (WHO) (2010). The impact of an emergency hiring plan on the shortage and distribution of nurses in Kenya: the importance of information systems. JM Gross, PL Riley, R Kiriinya, C Rakuom, R Willy, A Kamenju , C. Oywer, D Wambua, A Waudo  & MF Rogers. Retrieved from:
The Case of the Filipino Nurses

Chang, G. (2001, September 1). Importing Nurses: A Moneymaking Venture. Dollars & Sense.

Lorenzo, F.M.E., Galvez-Tan, J., Icamina, K. & Javier, L. (2007, June). Nurse Migration from a Source Country Perspective: Philippine Country Case Study. Health Services Research 42:3. 1406-1418.

McGeown, K. (2012, July  4). Nursing dream turns sour in the Philippines. BBC. Retrieved from:

Prystay, C. (2002, July 18). US Solution Is Philippine Dilemma. Wall Street Journal.

Rodis, R. (2013, May 12). Why are there so many Filipino nurses in the US? Inquirer Global Nation. Retrieved from:
Cultural Effects of Migration

Bamat, J. (2013, July 6). Too many immigrants in France, says ex-PM Fillon. France 24. Retrieved from:

Bozzo, A. (2012, October 29) Some Aging Nations Look to Immigration to Avert Economic Squeeze. CNBC. Retrieved from:  

Carrera, S., Guild, E. & Groenendijk, K. (2009). Illiberal Liberal States: Immigration, Citizenship and Integration in the EU. Surrey: Ashgate Limited.

Fear and loathing in Athens. (2009, May 14). The Economist. Retrieved from:

Givens, T. & Luedtke, A. (2004). The Politics of European Union Immigration Policy: Institutions, Salience, and Harmonization. The Policy Studies Journal, 32.1. 145-165.

Hamza, A. (2012, July 27). Moving on from Sarkozy’s immigration policies. France 24. Retrieved from:

Jonjic, T. & Mavrodi, G. (2012, November). Immigration in the EU: Policies and politics in times of crisis 2007-2012. EUDO Report 2012, 5.

Letting some of them in. (2008, October 2). The Economist. Retrieved from:

Maltezou, R. (2013, June 4). Far-right Greeks push for law jailing illegal immigrants. Reuters. Retrieved from:

Nordland, R. (2008, October 3). Charging to the Right. Newsweek. Retrieved from:

Stevis, M. (2012, September 15). Illegal Immigration Emerges as New Crisis for Greece—And EU. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from:

UK attitudes on immigration and welfare ‘toughening’. (2012, September 17). BBC. Retrieved from:
Challenges Ahead

11 Facts About Human Trafficking (n.d.). Do Something. Retrieved from:

55 Little Known Facts about Human Trafficking. (2011, January 2). Random History. Retrieved from:

Clifford, F. (2012, September 18). The Border Effect. The American Prospect. Retrieved from: 

Congressional Research Services (2012, January 12). Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Policy and Issues for Congress. Retrieved from:

Convention on Organized Crime. (n.d.). UNODC. Retrieved from:

Human Trafficking: How to Get Help (n.d.). The New York County District Attorney’s Office. Retrieved from:

International Labour Organization (2012). ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour Retrieved from:—ed_norm/—declaration/documents/publication/wcms_182004.pdf

Liu, I.J., (2007, November 20). Smuggled Chinese Travel Circuitously to the U.S. NPR. Retrieved from:

Matthews, D. (2013, April 16). The Senate Immigration Bill: Here’s What You Need to Know. The Washington Post. Retrieved from:

NGOs call on EU border agency to better protect human rights of migrants (2012, October 17). AlertNet. Retrieved from:

Rampell, C. (2009, May 18). Why Are Mexican Smugglers’ Fees Still Rising? The New York Times. Retrieved from:

The Truth-O-Meter Says:”The (border) fence is now basically complete.” (2011, July 27). Politifact. Retrieved from:

Tsolakidou, S. (2012, April 2). Frontex Reports 57,000 Illegal Immigrants Crossed the Greek Borders in 2011. American Renaissance. Retrieved from:

What is Human Trafficking? (n.d.). UNODC. Retrieved from:
EU Integration

Dutch Keep Labor Market Closed for Bulgarians Romanians (2012, October 30). Sofia News Agency. Retrieved from:

Editorial Board. (2013, June 24). Turkey’s EU Bid. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

The World Factbook (n.d.). CIA. Retrieved from:

Tzanis, H.K. & Tokyay, M. (2012, July 9). Migrant deaths highlights problem with illegal immigration in Turkey, Greece. Southeast European Times. Retrieved from:
An International Organization to Plan Migration Policy?

International Organization for Migration (2006). Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals (TRQN) project. Retrieved from: 


Next: Quiz